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gaypalmsprings
09-16-2008, 02:56 PM
Smart scalping can reduce allergy woes

Marcel Honoré • The Desert Sun • September 16, 2008

'Tis lawn scalping season.

Each fall, Coachella Valley golf courses, parks and lawns are stripped of their Bermuda grass and replanted with winter rye grass — an annual local ritual that irritates asthma and allergy sufferers. But many valley cities and agencies are taking steps to help minimize their suffering, and some hope to expand efforts.

Lawn scalping releases dust and pollen into the air in the valley, a place where dust pollution already is considered the area's worst environmental problem.

“When you get into asthma, you're talking about the ability to breathe,” said Eileen Packer, executive director of the Health Assessment Resource Center, a nonprofit group that surveys local health data.

Nearly 48,000 people in eastern Riverside County suffer from asthma, HARC found in 2007.

Those with asthma — and allergies and other respiratory illnesses — can end up in the emergency room during this time of year, local hospital and government officials say.

At Desert Regional Medical Center in Palm Springs, emergency room visits for respiratory illness spiked 5 percent during the fall of 2006 and 2007, said Michael Connors, a registered nurse in the hospital's Department of Infection Prevention.

Most of the patients blamed scalping for their visit, and Connors said they're probably right.

Some local golf courses and municipalities are taking steps to help clear the fall air.

In 2000, valley golf courses launched a “smart scalping” effort to reduce over-seeding's environmental effects.

To “smart scalp,” maintenance crews gradually stop watering the Bermuda grass and then dampen it with water right before it is removed, said Aurora Wilson, director of the Coachella Valley Association of Governments' Community Resources Department.

When the technique was first tested in 2000 at the Springs golf course in Rancho Mirage, scalping dust released over the test area was reduced by 90 percent, Wilson said.

Since then, about two-thirds of the valley's 124 golf courses have implemented smart scalping to reduce the allergens released in the air, she said.

This year, valley agencies are trying to add more private landscapers to the mix.

All Coachella Valley cities except La Quinta have passed an ordinance that encourages landscapers to use smart scalping techniques.

The ordinance, which CVAG approved in July 2007, requires landscapers to attend a free, two-hour course on smart scalping before they can renew their city business license.

Indian Wells does not issue landscaping licenses, but in place of the CVAG ordinance, the city offers a subsidy to landscapers that use smart scalping techniques, city management analyst Susan Weisbart said.

La Quinta officials did not return calls for comment Monday.

While the ordinance encourages landscapers to use smart scalping alternatives, it does not require them to do so, Wilson said.

Elected officials on CVAG's Energy and Environmental Committee discussed whether to mandate smart-scalping, but “chose to see if educating the landscapers would result in a voluntary change,” Wilson said.

The ordinance also misses smaller “mom-and-pop” landscaping companies that don't seek city business licenses, but Wilson hoped other landscapers and customers would apply “peer pressure” for the smaller outfits to use smart scalping.

CVAG officials plan to study how effective the new city ordinances are after the scalping season ends in October, Wilson said.

TomAz
09-17-2008, 07:01 AM
Scalping is the act of removing the scalp, usually with the hair, as a portable proof or trophy of prowess in war. Scalping is also associated with frontier warfare in North America, and was practiced by Native Americans and white colonists and frontiersmen over centuries of violent conflict.

Scythia
Scalping was practiced by the ancient Scythians of Eurasia. Herodotus, the Greek historian, wrote of the Scythians in 440 BC: "The Scythian soldier scrapes the scalp clean of flesh and softening it by rubbing between the hands, uses it thenceforth as a napkin. The Scyth is proud of these scalps and hangs them from his bridle rein; the greater the number of such napkins that a man can show, the more highly is he esteemed among them. Many make themselves cloaks by sewing a quantity of these scalps together".


Northern Europe
Scalps were taken in wars between the Visigoths, the Franks and the Anglo-Saxons in the 9th century according to the writings of Abbé Emmanuel H. D. Domenech. His sources included the decalvare of the ancient Germans, the capillos et cutem detrahere of the code of the Visigoths, and the Annals of Flodoard.


North America
According to ethnohistorian James Axtell, there is abundant evidence that the Native American practice of scalping existed long before Europeans arrived. Axtell argues that there is no evidence that the early European explorers and settlers who came to the Americas were familiar with the ancient European practice of scalping, or that they ever taught scalping to Native Americans. Axtell writes that the idea that Europeans taught scalping to Native Americans became popular recently, during the 1960s. This idea quickly became conventional wisdom because it fit the tenor of the times of the counter-cultural 1960s, writes Axtell, but he argues that archaeological, historical, pictorial, and linguistic evidence contradicts this notion. Certain tribes of Native Americans practiced scalping, in some instances up until the 19th century.

The standard Native American technique for scalping was to place a knee between the shoulders while the body was on the ground, to cut a long arc in the front of the scalp, and then to pull back on the hair. If the person survived, the person's facial features drooped. Women would sometimes make a tight braid to pull the skin back up.

Both Native Americans and American frontiersmen frequently scalped their victims in this era. It is believed that contact with Europeans widened the practice of scalping among Native Americans, since some Euro-American governments encouraged the practice among their Native American allies by offering bounties for scalps during times of war.

Examples of the payment for scalps are those issued by the government of Massachusetts in 1744 for the scalps of Indian men, women, and children; Governor Edward Cornwallis' proclamation of 1749 to settlers of Halifax of payment for Indian scalps; and French colonists in 1749 offering payments to Indians for the scalps of British soldiers.


Indian Warrior with Scalp, 1789, by BarlowIn the Revolutionary War, Henry Hamilton, the British lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada, was known by American Patriots as the "hair-buyer general" because they believed he encouraged and paid his Native American allies to scalp American settlers. When Hamilton was captured in the war by the colonists, he was treated as a war criminal instead of a prisoner of war because of this. However, American historians have conceded that there was no positive proof that he had ever offered rewards for scalps.[1] It is now assumed that during the American Revolution, no British officer paid for scalps.[2]

Famously, General Custer was not scalped after the Battle of Little Big Horn because he was deemed "a great chief."[3]

In Canada, a 1756 British proclamation issued by Governor Charles Lawrence offering a reward for scalps has yet to be officially repealed.

BROKENDOLL
09-17-2008, 08:09 AM
(When the technique was first tested in 2000 at the Springs golf course in Rancho Mirage, scalping dust released over the test area was reduced by 90 percent, Wilson said.)
Well that explains how the members I work for keep ticking and ticking into their 90's! Now I wanna know why they have huge fans all over the golf course? Maybe to blow the remaining 10% of dust acrossed the street into the other club?

paulb
09-17-2008, 08:25 AM
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WWscalping3.JPG

TomAz
09-18-2008, 03:19 PM
Are you related to colorado ron?

CalmerThanYou
09-18-2008, 03:28 PM
i need to get some more level 7 eroticy potion

shakermaker113
09-18-2008, 04:00 PM
I dunno dude. the mouse might've nibbled through your cables.

BlackSwan
09-18-2008, 04:03 PM
i thought this thread was going to be about tickets.

CalmerThanYou
09-18-2008, 04:18 PM
http://blog.cleveland.com/sports/2007/10/large_scalpers.jpg